Congratulating Ali at Ghadir Khumm
One of the most used and abused narrations that revolve around the events of Ghadir Khumm is the alleged congratulating of Ali bin Abi Talib after the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) speech. Usually, these fabricated narrations state that Omar goes to Ali to congratulate him for “becoming the mawla of the believers”, however, in some other fabrications, we find the inclusion of other companions, like Abu Bakr, Uthman, Talha, and Al-Zubair.(Refer to this article on Eid Al-Ghadir for more.)
Al-Amini falsely states that these have been narrated authentically through the paths of Ibn Abbas, Abu Huraira, Al-Baraa’ bin ‘Azib, and Zaid bin Arqam.
Al-Baraa’ bin ‘Azib
The narration of Al-Baraa’ is the narration of Hammad bin Salama from Ali bin Zaid bin Jud’aan and Abu Haroon Al-Abdi from Adi bin Thabit from Al-Baraa’.
The narration is weak due to Ali bin Zaid. He was weakened by many scholars including Yahya bin Sa’eed, Sufyan bin Uyayna, Ibn Sa’ad, Imam Ahmad, Yahya bin Ma’een, Al-Ijli, Al-Jawzajani, Abu Zur’ah, Abu Hatim, Al-Nasa’ee, Ibn Khuzaima, Abu Ahmad Al-Hakim, Al-Daraqutni, and Ibn Hibban.
The narration of Ali bin Zaid is complemented by Abu Haroon Al-Abdi, who was described as a liar by Ibn Ulaya, Ibn Ma’een, Uthman bin Abi Shaybah, and Al-Jawzajani.
Refer to his biographies of Ali bin Zaid and Abu Haroon in Tahtheeb Al-Kamal.
Al-Amini is extremely reliant on this chain and quotes it as source #1, #2, #3, #4, #13, #18, #22, #32, #35, #36, #37, #38, #39, #41, #52, #53, #55,
Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas
The narration comes through the path of Ali bin Zaid bin Jud’aan, the narrator of the above hadith from Al-Baraa’.
Al-Amini sources this narration under #6. #18, and #28.
Refer to our criticisms against Al-Amini on Fasting on the Day of Ghadir.
This source is repeated by Al-Amini under #16. #17, #22, #26, and #32.
Anas bin Malik
This path comes through Ali bin Al-Hasan Al-Jawhari from Mohammad bin Zakariyya from Humaid Al-Taweel from Anas.
Al-Thahabi declared Mohammad bin Zakariyya to be unknown in Al-Mizan. There seems to be a large gap between him and Humaid Al-Taweel as well, which prevents him from being his student.
Al-Amini sources the report as #17.
None of the paths have any strength, as opposed to the famous narrations of Ghadir that do not include any congratulating. Such additions cannot be accepted as historically accurate.