The act of fasting of the day of Ghadir is based on a narration that has been attributed to Abu Huraira, in which he states that “Whosoever fasts the eighteenth of Thi Al-Hijjah, he will receive the deeds of fasting sixty months, and it is the Day of Ghadir, when the Prophet (peace be upon him) held the hand of Ali bin Abi Talib and said, ‘Am I not the walee of the believers?’ They said, ‘Yes, O’ Messenger of Allah.’ He said, ‘Whosoever I am his mawla then Ali is his mawla.’”
After providing the narration and the sources, Al-Amini 1/693-699 lists out the narrators of the hadith. He then says, “We have expanded in the chain of this hadith so that you can be aware of the authenticity of it and that all the narrators are reliable, and they are so reliable that there is no chance for one of plays with words or one who deceives in debate to weaken it.”
Unfortunately for those that have a lot of trust in Al-Amini, he has a bad habit of being incompetent at quoting text that does not aid him.
Abu Nasr Ali bin Sa’eed Abu Hamala Al-Ramli: Died in the year 216 according to Al-Bukhari. He was declared reliable by Al-Thahabi in Mizan Al-I’itidal 2/224. He said: I see no problems with him and I did not see anyone speak of him, and he is decent, but he was not quoted by any of the authors of the six books even though he was trustworthy.
Below, we expose the deception of Al-Amini:
Firstly, Al-Thahabi said, “He is the shaikh of Dhamra.” This is clear evidence that Al-Thahabi is not even referring to the same narrator that can be found in the report, since Ali bin Sa’eed is the student of Dhamra, not his shaikh!
He also said that Al-Bukhari said that he died in the year 216 AH. Upon returning to Al-Bukhari’s Tareekh Al-Kabeer, we find that he said that he died in the year 166 AH.
In other words, it is plainly impossible for his student Habshoon to have heard from him, since Habshoon died in the year 331 AH.
In other words, Al-Amini purposefully attempted to make readers assume that one narrator (Ali bin Sa’eed bin Qutaiba Al-Ramli) is another in order narrator (Ali bin Abi Hamla) for readers to assume that the chain is authentic.
As for the real narrator of the report, we find by returning to Al-Munthiri’s “Man Takalama fihi Al-Daraqutni fi Kitab Al-Sunan” p. 93 that Al-Daraqutni, one of the narrators of the report and major scholar of hadith, has pointed out that Ali bin Sa’eed is weak.
In conclusion, there is no evidence that one should fast the day of Ghadir. Refer to our article on Eid Al-Ghadir for more relevant information.