Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas:
The narrations of Sa’ad are plenty. Below is a breakdown of those chains.
- The most authentic narration is the hadith of Ayman Al-Makki from Sa’ad which can be found in Khasa’is Al-Nasa’ee.
- The narration of Abdul Rahman bin Sabit seems solid, however, he did not hear from Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas according to Yahya bin Ma’een.
- Another narration is that of Rabee’a Al-Jurashi, however, it only comes through the path of Ya’qoub bin Humaid bin Kasib, who was accused of tampering with narrations by Abi Dawud. He was also weakened by many others.
- A third route is through the path of Al-Harith bin Malik, however, he is anonymous in status according to Al-Nasa’ee.
- A fourth route comes from Khaithama bin Abdul Rahman from Muslim Al-Mula’ee. As we have pointed out previously, Muslim is weakened by many hadith scholars including Ahmad, Yahya, Abu Zur’ah, Abu Hatim, Al-Bukhari, and others.
- Another path is the hadith of the grandfather of Abdul Wahid bin Ayman from Sa’ad, however, he is not known.
- Another different path is the path of A’isha bint Sa’ad from her father. However, this comes through Musa bin Ya’qoub who is disagreed upon by scholars. Al-Shashi also quotes another path through Al-Muhajir which goes through his son Ibrahim, but that too is problematic since he has been weakened by Al-Bukhari and Al-Nasa’ee.
- Another path is the hadith of Sahm bin Husain, which comes through the path of Ibn Uqda, however, he is anonymous according to Al-Bukhari.
- Another path comes through Ibn Abi Layla from Sa’ad, however, it contains Ahmad bin Mohammad bin Al-Jahm, who is anonymous in status.
- Another path is the hadith of Abu Bakr bin Khalid bin Urfutah. The hadith up to him is authentic, however, it seems that he may be anonymous in status. Imam Ahmad said, “He is someone that is narrated from,” which could be interpreted to be a lower for of authentication. However, there is no clear cut statement for his reliability.
Some of the above reports mention that Sa’ad spoke of this merit while he was in the presence of Mu’awiyah, however, upon returning to the narration of Saheeh Muslim, we find that Sa’ad speaks of different merits, like Hadith Al-Manzila, and does not mention Al-Ghadir.
Sa’ad bin Junada Al-Awfi:
There is only one narration for Sa’ad bin Junada which comes through the path of Atiyyah Al-Awfi. However, Atiyyah is not the only problem, the narration also comes for through his son Hasan and his grandson Mohammad, and all three have been extremely weakened by hadith scholars. Refer to their biographies in Tahtheeb Al-Tahtheeb.
Sa’ad bin ‘Ubada:
There is no chain provided for the hadith of Sa’ad bin ‘Ubada.
Sa’eed bin Zaid:
There is no chain provided for the hadith of Sa’eed bin Zaid.
Sa’eed bin Sa’ad bin Ubada Al-Ansari:
There is no chain provided for the hadith of Sa’eed bin Sa’ad.
The narration of Salman Al-Farisi comes through two paths.
- The first is that of Abi Hamza Al-Thumali who was weakened by Ahmad, Yahya, Abu Zur’ah, Abu Hatim, and others.
- The second is through the book of Sulaim in Qays, which is a Shia source, and not reliable according to Sunni or Shia standards.
Salama bin Al-Akwa’:
The narration of Salama comes through the path of Al-Fadhl bin Sufyan bin Ziyad and Ayoub bin Uyayna. Both are anonymous. The narration is narrated by Ibn Uqda, which makes it even more problematic.
Samura bin Jundub:
The narration of Samura comes through problematic narrators like Al-Hasan bin Ali Al-Lu’lu’ee, Ghiyath bin Kaloob, and Al-Mutarraf bin Samura. Ghiyath was weakened. See Al-Mizan. The other two are anonymous in status.
Sahl bin Hunaif:
The narration of Sahl bin Hunaif portrays him as one of those that testified to hearing Al-Ghadir. However, it comes through the path of Al-Asbagh bin Nubata, who is severely weakened, as we have stated in previous sections. It also comes through the path that was mentioned in the section on Khuzaimah bin Thabit.
Sahl bin Sa’ad:
No chain is provided for the hadith of Sahl bin Sa’ad.
Conclusion: The only Companion that has narrated hadith Al-Ghadir in this section is Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas.