Amir bin ‘Umair Al-Numairi:
The narration of Amir only comes through Ibn Uqda who narrates from Al-Munthir bin Jayfar and Musa bin Aktal who are both anonymous. Ibn Uqda himself is problematic enough. Refer to his biography in Mizan Al-I’itidal.
Amir bin Layla bin Dhamra:
There are two narrations presented for Amir bin Layla’s narration for Al-Ghadir.
- Again, the first narration comes through the path of Ibn Uqda. The narration also includes an anonymous narrator called Ahmad bin Omar bin Kabsha. Also, the narration is problematic due to the inclusion of Abdullah bin Sinan who was weakened by Yahya and Abu Hatim. See his biography in Mizan Al-I’itidal.
- The second is the hadith of Ya’la bin Murra, which we will bring up in his section.
Al-Abbas bin Abdul Mutalib:
The narration of Al-Abbas comes through the path of Ibn Uqda. The narration includes Al-Ajlah and Al-Hussain Al-Ashqar. See the section on Buraida and Talha for the weaknesses of the previous two narrators.
Abdul Rahman bin Abd Rab Al-Ansari:
Asbagh bin Nubata’s narration includes Abdul Rahman bin Abd Rab as a testifier of the hadith of Ghadir. Asbagh has been extremely weakened by hadith scholars.
Abdul Rahman bin Awf:
There is no chain presented for the hadith of Abdul Rahman bin Awf.
Abdul Rahman bin Ya’mur:
The narration of Abdul Rahman bin Ya’mur comes from the path of Husain bin Mukhariq. He has been accused of fabricating hadith by Al-Daraqutni.
Abdullah bin Abi Abd Al-Asad Al-Makhzoomi:
There is no chain presented for the hadith of Abdullah bin Abi Abd Al-Asad.
Abdullah bin Budail bin Warqa’:
The narration of Abdullah bin Budail comes through the path of Shia author Al-Kashshi. There narration is not reliable by Sunni or Shia standards.
Abdullah bin Bushair (Busr) Al-Mazini:
The narration of Abdullah Al-Mazini is solely narrated by Ibn Uqda. However, there is a major disconnection between Ibn Uqda and Khalid Al-Abdi and Sa’eed bin Anbasa.
Abdullah bin Thabit Al-Ansari:
Asbagh bin Nubata’s narration includes Abdullah bin Thabit as a testifier of the hadith of Ghadir. Asbagh has been extremely weakened by hadith scholars. Refer to our previous sections or see his biography in Tahtheeb Al-Tahtheeb.
Abdullah bin Ja’afar bin Abi Talib:
The narration of Abdullah bin Ja’afar comes through the path of Yahya bin Zakariyya bin Shayban, Hasan Al-Haththa, and Ibrahim Al-Ghifari. All of these narrators are anonymous. The narration also comes through Ibn Uqda who is very problematic as well.
Abdullah bin Hantab:
The narration of Abdullah bin Hantab does not mention Ali bin Abi Talib.
Abdullah bin Rabee’a:
There is no chain presented for the hadith of Abdullah bin Rabee’a.
Abdullah bin Abbas:
As we have previously mentioned, there is a narration in which Ibn Abbas authentically reports this hadith from Buraida, and it was already covered in Buraida’s section. However, this section will be for examining the other narrations in which Ibn Abbas narrates the hadith directly from the Prophet (peace be upon him).
- The first narration is the hadith of Abu Balj from Amr bin Maymoon from Ibn Abbas. The narration has a hidden defect since Amr bin Maymoon never narrated from Ibn Abbas, for he is much older than Ibn Abbas. Al-Hafith Abdul Ghani bin Sa’eed points out that this is a mistake from Abu Balj and that he is actually narrating from Maymoon Abu Abdullah, which means the narration weak. Refer to our previous section on Zaid bin Arqam for more on Maymoon Abu Abdullah. Another evidence is this is that Ibn Uqda narrates this hadith from Maymoon from Ibn Abbas in his Kitab Al-Wilaya.
- The second path is through the narration of Al-Dahhak, however, this is narrated by Juwaibir bin Sa’eed who has been weakened by Yahya, Abdul Rahman, Ahmad, Yahya, Abu Dawud, Al-Nasa’ee, Al-Daraqutni, and others.
- Another can be found in Tareekh Dimashq through the narration of Abu Ja’afar Al-Mansoor from his father from his grandfather. However, it comes through the path of Al-Fadhl bin Al-Rabee’ who has been weakened by Al-Uqaili.
- Al-Muhamili (via Tareekh Dimashq) also narrates the hadith but it goes through Abdul Ghaffar bin Qassim. He was accused of lying by his contemporaries as well as hadithists like Ali bin Al-Madini. See his biography in Mizan Al-I’itidal.
- Al-Amini mentions some other reports through Ibn Abbas which will be covered in our sections about Al-Ghadir in the Qur’an.
Abdullah bin Abi Awfa:
There narration of Ibn Abi Awfa comes through two paths.
- The first is the hadith of Ibn Uqda, however, it is disconnected for Ibn Uqda never heard from Al-Hasan bin Ammar. It is also very problematic since it comes through the hadith of Ibn Uqda.
- The second path comes through Atiyyah Al-Awfi, who is weakened by Al-Thawri, Hushaim, Abu Dawud, Al-Nasa’ee, and others. Another issue is the identity of Al-Hussain bin Mohammad bin Al-Hussain Al-Alawi, the shaikh of the shaikh of Ibn Al-Maghazili, for he appears to be unknown.
Abdullah bin Omar bin Al-Khattab:
The narration of Ibn Omar comes through the path of Omar bin Shabeeb who has been weakened by Yahya, Ya’qoub bin Sufyan, Abu Zur’ah, Abu Hatim, Al-Nasa’ee, Ibn Hibban, and Ibn Shaheen.
Ibn Omar also allegedly reported this hadith from his father and we will cover that below in the section on Omar bin Al-Khattab.
Abdullah bin Mas’oud:
The narration of Ibn Mas’ud comes through the following paths.
- The first path is the hadith of Yahya Al-Himani which is quoted by Ibn Al-Maghazili. Al-Himani was accused of lying by some scholars. Refer to his biography in Tahtheeb Al-Tahtheeb. Also, the chain include Mohammad bin Nahar who was weakened by Al-Daraqutni.
- Al-Thahabi provided three chains from unnamed sources and weakened the narrators of each. The first is the hadith of Mu’ala bin Irfan.
- The second is the hadith of Isma’eel bin Bishr Al-Kahili from Ja’afar bin Sa’ad from Al-A’amash. Al-Thahabi commented that this hadith is not from the hadith of Al-A’amash.
- The third report is through a chain from Al-Dahhak bin Muzahim, however, he does not mention the chain.
Abdullah bin Yameel:
The narration of Abdullah bin Yameel is quoted by Ibn Uqda and comes through the path of Ibrahim bin Abi Yahya who was accused of fabricating hadiths by Ahmad bin Hanbal and Ibn Ma’een.
Uthman bin Affan:
No chain is provided for the hadith of Uthman bin Affan, and therefore, he cannot be accepted to be a source of hadith Al-Ghadir.
Ubaid bin Azib:
Asbagh bin Nubata’s narration includes Ubaid bin Azib as a testifier of the hadith of Ghadir. Asbagh has been extremely weakened by hadith scholars. Refer to our previous sections or see his biography in Tahtheeb Al-Tahtheeb.
Adi bin Hatim:
Al-Amini mentions that Adi bin Hatim is a narrator of hadith Al-Ghadir and that this is narrated by Ibn Uqda from the path of Mohammad bin Katheer from Fitr and Abi Al-Jarood from Abi Al-Tufail. However, there is a major disconnection between Ibn Uqda and Mohammad bin Katheer, so the hadith cannot be accepted as reliable. A second narration through Ibn Uqda comes through the path of Ya’la bin Murra which we will examine in his section.
Atiyyah bin Busr Al-Mazini:
There is no chain presented for the hadith of Atiyyah bin Busr.
Uqba bin Amir:
Al-Amini mentions that Uqba bin Amir is a narrator of hadith Al-Ghadir and that this is narrated by Ibn Uqda from the path of Mohammad bin Katheer from Fitr and Abi Al-Jarood from Abi Al-Tufail. However, there is a major disconnection between Ibn Uqda and Mohammad bin Katheer, so the hadith cannot be accepted as reliable. A second narration through Ibn Uqda comes through the path of Ya’la bin Murra which we will examine in his section.
Ali bin Abi Talib:
The narration of Ali bin Abi Talib as a narrator of Al-Ghadir comes through several paths. We will examine several of them in the chapters in refutation of Al-Amini’s Kitab Al-Ghadir. Other paths that are not mentioned there will be covered here.
- The first path is a weak hadith from the path of Abu Maryam Al-Thaqafi which can be found in Musnad Ahmad. Abu Maryam is anonymous in status. See Tahtheeb Al-Tahtheeb by Ibn Hajar. It should be noted that the student of Abu Maryam, Nu’aym bin Hakeem, after quoting the report, said, “Then, people added: Allahuma wali man walaah wa ‘aadi man ‘aadaah (O’ Allah aid those that aid him and be an enemy of those that oppose him).”
- The second path is as weak as the first. It is the hadith of Katheer bin Zaid from Mohammad bin Omar bin Ali. Katheer has weakened by some scholars and weakened by others. While there is no much known about Mohammad bin Omar bin Ali and his reliability as a hadith transmitter.
- Another path is the hadith that we have covered previously in the section on Talha in which Ali reminds him of Hadith Al-Ghadir.
- Another path is through Abdul Rahman bin Abi Layla. It comes through several narrators including Yazeed bin Abi Ziyad, Al-Wa’eed bin Uqba bin Nizar, and Abdul A’ala bin Amir. All of these narrators are weak. However, it does come through Muslim bin Salim, who is reliable, which makes this narration authentic.
- Another path is the hadith of Abd Khair, Amr Thi Mur, and Habba bin Juwain, all from the path of Abi Ishaaq Al-Sabee’ee. However, Abu Ishaaq is a mudalis and he did not specify whether he heard this hadith or not.
- One of the most complicated paths for this hadith is the narration from the path of Abi Ishaaq Al-Sabee’ee. It was narrated from him from in the following paths a) Sa’eed bin Wahb from Ali, b) from Zaid bin Uthai’, c) from Sa’eed bin Wahb and Abd Khair, from d) Sa’eed bin Wahb and Amr Thi Mur, e) from Sa’eed bin Wahb, Zaid, and Amr, f) from Sa’eed and Zaid, g) Zaid bin Yuthai’, h) Sa’eed and Zaid bin Wahb, i) Sa’eed, Zaid, Hubaira bin Yaryam, and Habba Al-Urani, j) Abd Khair, Amr Thi Mur, and Habba, k) Amr thi Mur alone, l) Amr thi Mur and an unnamed narrator, and j) Al-Harith Al-A’awar. Al-Daraqutni mentions all of these paths and classifies them as incorrect, with the exception of the first path which is narrated by at least four of Abi Ishaaq’s closest students. The narration of Shu’ba can be found in Musnad Ahmad and it is the most correct of the above narrations since he makes sure that the narrator that he takes from does not do tadlees.
- Another path comes from the path of Zir bin Hubaish, however, no chain is provided for it.
- Another authentic narrations comes from the path of Ziyad bin Abi Ziyad, however, it does not explicitly provide us with the words of Ali.
- Another path is the hadith of Al-Asbagh bin Nubata, which we have been through previously in earlier sections.
- Another path is through Habba Al-Urani, which comes from the hadith of Yahya bin Salama bin Kuhail who is weakened by Yahya, Abu Hatim, Al-Bukhari, and others.
- Another path is through Zathan Al-Kindi which comes through Abdul Raheem Al-Kindi, who is anonymous in status.
- We have previously commented on the path of Zaid bin Arqam, so refer to that section for more on him.
- Another path is through Umaira bin Sa’ad, however, Yahya Al-Qattan mentioned that he is not reliable.
- There also is the narration of Ya’ala bin Murra, which we shall examine later on in his section.
- Another path can be traced to Abdullah bin Abi Umamah, however, there is no clear evidence of his reliability.
- Another path is through Lahiq bin Humaid, however, it is disconnected, for he his narration according to Yahya bin Ma’een is disconnected from Al-Hasan bin Ali, let alone his father.
- Another path comes through Al-Hasan Al-Basri, however, his narration is disconnected. Also, it is weak due to the weakness of Uthman bin Abdul Rahman. This chain is mentioned by Al-Thahabi in his Kitab Turuq Hadith Man Kuntu Mawlaah.
- Another path is through Riyah bin Al-Harith, however, he is unknown in status according to Al-Thahabi. However, there is a tawtheeq for him by Al-Ijli, which made him acceptable to some. Inshallah we will be taking a deeper look into this narration in our section on the wordings of the hadith. This path will be repeated in the hadith of Abu Ayoub, since he is one of the narrators of it.
- Another path comes from Al-Muhajir bin Umaira, however, he is unknown in status.
- Another path is narrated from the path of Ja’afar Al-Sadiq, however, it comes through Ibrahim bin Abi Hayya who was weakened by Al-Bukhari, Al-Nasa’ee, and Al-Daraqutni.
Ammar bin Yasser:
The narration of Ammar bin Yasser only comes through three paths.
- The first, which can be found in Al-Mu’jam Al-Awsat by Al-Tabarani. However, it comes through the Khalid bin Yazeed Al-Umari who was declared to be a liar by Abu Hatim Al-Razi and Ibn Hibban.
- Another narration can be found in Al-Thahabi’s Kitab Turuq Hadith Man Kuntu Mawlaah, and it contains Bakkar bin Mohammad bin Shu’ba who was weakened by Al-Daraqutni. It also contains Bakr bin Abdul Malik who was weakened by Al-Thahabi himself.
- The third path is through Ibn Uqda and it contains Ali bin Aabis who was weakened by many hadith scholars including Ibn Ma’een, Al-Jawzajani, Al-Nasa’ee, and Ibn Hibban. Furthermore, his shaikh in the narration, Abu Al-Khattab, is unknown in status.
There is no narration by Umara Al-Khazraji, but this was a mistake due to a scribal error. Al-Tabtaba’ee, who commented on Al-Amini’s Kitab Al-Ghadir points out that the quote in the printed version of Kashf Al-Astar shows the chain as: Jameel bin Umara from his father (Umara), however, he points out that the correct version of the report as per other sources is: Jameel bin Umara from Salim from his father. Salim, here, is the son of Abdullah bin Omar.
Omar bin Um Salama:
No chain is provided for his hadith.
Omar bin Al-Khattab:
The narration of Omar comes through the following paths.
- The first path is through the hadith of Abi Salih from Abi Huraira. This path seems almost reliable. However, it solely comes from the path of Isma’eel bin Abi Al-Hakam Al-Thaqafi, who was referred to by Abu Hatim Al-Razi as a “shaikh”. The term “shaikh”, when used by Abu Hatim, refers to a narrator that is between reliable and weak. If Isma’eel was higher in the chain, then he would have been accepted, however, it is very unlikely for such a small narrator to be the sole narrator from a major narrator like Al-Aswad bin Amir. The narration was also weakened by Al-Thahabi.
- Another path is through the hadith of Jameel bin Umara from Salim from Ibn Omar. Jameel was weakened by Al-Bukhari.
- Another path can be found through the hadith of Al-Baraa’ bin Azib which comes through the hadith of Ali bin Zaid bin Jud’aan. Refer to the section on Al-Baraa’.
- Refer to the chapter on Omar congratulating Ali for more.
Imran bin Husain:
The narration of Imran bin Husain can be found in Sunan Al-Tirmithi. The narration is hasan due to some difference of opinion over Ja’afar bin Sulaiman, and he is acceptable as a narrator by most scholars.
Amr bin Al-Hamaq:
No chain is provided for the hadith of Amr bin Al-Hamaq.
Amr bin Sharaheel:
No chain is provided for the hadith of Amr bin Sharaheel.
Amr bin Al-Aas:
No chain is provided for the hadith of Amr bin Al-Aas.
Amr bin Murra Al-Juhani:
Upon returning to the references provided, we found that the narration is of Amr bin Thi Mur, which is reality Amr Thi Mur, the tabi’ee. Refer to his narration in the section of Ali above.
Conclusion: The narrations of Ali and Imran bin Husain are authentic. The narration of Ibn Abbas from Buraida is authentic as well, but not as Ibn Abbas as the primary narrator from the Prophet (peace be upon him).